Tag: Artificial Womb

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human embryo
Artificial Womb

2016 – Human Embryo Lives 13 Days in Lab

A team of American and British biologists has successfully kept a human embryo alive in the lab for 13 days, breaking the previous record of nine days. This achievement has revealed some unknown details of the first stage of human development and has been a major step in understanding why so many failures occur during in vitro fertilization.

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extrauterine fetal incubation
Artificial Womb

1996 – First Artificial Womb Experimented

In 1996, professor Yoshinori Kuwabara at Juntendo University in Tokyo developed a system called EUFI, extrauterine fetal incubation. A premature goat fetus was the experiment subject. In EUFI, the researchers take goat fetuses, thread catheters through the large vessels in the umbilical cord and supply the fetuses with oxygenated blood while suspending them in incubators that contain artificial amniotic fluid heated to body temperature. This system kept the goat alive for three weeks in the lab, until circulation failure and other technical difficulties emerged.

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artificial placenta
Artificial Womb

2015: Artificial Placenta Approaches

Baby incubators for premature infants are made to mimic the temperature inside the womb. Nineteenth-century incubators already featured a good level of hygiene, a supply of air and constant temperature. But for those who were born extremely early (at 23 weeks or even earlier) this is not enough.

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Dr Couney incubators in coney island
Artificial Womb

1896 – Baby Incubators in Coney Island

In 1896, baby incubators were already used as medical equipment in France, while the US still considered them unusual machine. American society held the general belief that premature babies were God’s will and that their innate weakness was because they were destined to languish before seeing life fully. One doctor did not agree: Dr Couney. He believed that preemies could “regain” life through attentive care. But since society did not share his belief, he had to be unconventional to gather the funds to support his research.

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test Tube Baby
Artificial Womb

1978 – World’s First ‘Test Tube Baby’ Born

In November 1977 Lesley Brown underwent a radical procedure, a method invented by the cooperation of two English doctors that won a Nobel Prize in Medicine 33 years later. This procedure is called IVF, or in vitro fertilization. On the 25th of July 1978, Louise Joy Brown was born. She was a healthy infant of 2.608 kg and the world’s first test tube baby.

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The Matrix
Artificial Womb

1999 – Ectogenesis Enters The Matrix

The Matrix was released in 1999. As you may know, it’s a sci-fi blockbuster that narrates a dystopian future where humans live in a simulated reality, called “the matrix”. In the movie, physical bodies are submerged in pods where corporeal heat and electrical activity are harvested and used as energy to power up “the matrix”.

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artificial womb Queen Gandhari of Gandhara
Artificial Womb

400 BCE – Myth of Princes Grown in Jars

When imagining the artificial womb, we look to what ancient myths have to offer. One of the earliest references to ex vivo birth can be found in ancient Indian Sanskrit epics, dated 400BCE.

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First Baby Incubators
Artificial Womb

1857 – The First Baby Incubators

Premature birth normally means an under-developed baby who has not yet acquired the necessary organs maturity to survive outside of mother’s womb. An incubator that partially acts as a womb extension could make the difference between life and death for the fragile newborn.

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Homunculus
Artificial Womb

1537 – Homunculus: the Semi-Human

The creation of life has always been a human fantasy. According to reports from the 16th and 17th centuries, at that time alchemists started trying to produce a fully formed miniature human body, the homunculus, from a flask.

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